Posted by Troll
on February 14, 2000 at 00:12:53:
In Reply to: add posted by casey on January 21, 2000 at 16:19:53:
: I was wondering what causes ADD. I have heard that there are drugs out there to help but which one is really the best? Do natural herbs work?
ADD is a neurologically-based syndrome. It's generally agreed that it is a genetic thing, just as any other traits are - it's just brain wiring genetics. We have observed several differences in ADD brains in comparison to non-ADD brains, but there's no conclusive evidence as to the exact etiology. People with ADD have problems with inhibiting reactions to impulses. These may include thought impulses (required for a diagnosis), filtering out distractions, actions, and emotions. Overt hyperactivity may also be present (and may also be some sort of inhibitory problem). While we have extreme difficulties in concentrating on non-stimulating tasks, we may overfocus on things that are stimulating. Most people do these things to some degree, but in ADD these behaviors are chronic and persistent, causing multiple secondary problems (such as low self-esteem, feelings of underacheivement, etc.). For a more complete description of things we often experience, you may wish to see http://www.azstarnet.com/~ask/behav/have_add.html
The medications with the highest efficacy rates are the psychostimulants, including the most famous, methylphenidate or Ritalin - which also seems to have the highest success rate. Other medications that can be used include antidepressants, such as Wellbutrin.
There are a number of herbal remedies on the market touting their effectiveness, but the actual effectiveness of these is somewhat dubious.
The Mayo Clinic reports that less than 5% of the population is chronically affected by ADD. While there seems to be a connection between ADD and above-normal intelligence, sadly many of those affected are unable to capitalize on their innate talents, which are usually specific. There is a high incidence of substance abuse, and suicides among ADDers. Also, we are at extreme risk of developing psychological disorders (anxiety, depression)if not treated at an early age.
Hope this helps!