Testicular cancer is a form of cancer that affects the testicles. The testicles (also called testes) are located inside the scrotum. The scrotum is a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm cells for reproduction.
The risk for developing testicular cancer is greater in men who have an undescended testicle.
Testicular cancer is an uncommon form of cancer. It most often affects men between the ages of 15 and 35. Testicular cancer is an uncommon form of cancer.
If testicular cancer is detected and treated in its early stages, there is a high survival rate. Testicular cancer can grow and spread to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer?
There are no symptoms in the early stages. When symptoms do appear, the most common ones are:
hard lump in either testicle (lump is the first sign, it is usually painless)
swelling in a testicle
pain or discomfort in a testicle or scrotum
a heavy feeling in a testicle
a dull ache in the abdomen or groin
a sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
How Do I Perform A Testicular Self-Exam?
It is important to be familiar with the normal size, shape and weight of your testicles.
It is best to check yourself right after a hot shower. After a hot shower, the skin of the scrotum is relaxed and soft.
Using both hands, gently roll each testicle between your fingers.
Become familiar with the epididymis. The epididymis is a rope-like structure on the top and back of each testicle. The epididymis is not an abnormal lump.
Report any unusual swelling and lumps to your doctor.