Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant need to get their blood glucose levels under very tight control in order to avoid complications to the fetus, and women also sometimes have more difficulty controlling their blood sugars around the time of monthly hormonal changes, but these are not usually referred to as "complications". The things that are usually referred to as diabetic complications are neuropathy, heart disease, kidney disease/failure, gastroparesis, diabetic retinopathy, etc., and they affect men and women fairly equally. The reisk of those complications can be dramatically minimized by tight control over blood glucose levels.
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Actually, the eyes seem to be the best at recovering from damage compared to other organs however, damage is damage. The key is tight control. If one cannot achieve blood sugars between 70-110 and unde 140 2 hrs ppg than they should scream until the doc puts them on something to get there. Most of the time, after 2 drugs they should be on insulin which will get them there. Many patients and docs drag their feet but if you are truly concerned about retinopathy, get the control- insulin is the most powerful glucose lowering hormone-not drug- that you can take.