Originally Posted by harleybird
I am new to this and I am wondering if anyone can tell me the differences between the fasting Glucose Level and the fasting Insulin Level.
My Fasting Glucose was 94 and my fasting Insulin was 48 .....
As the names imply, the glucose test measures how much glucose, which is a source of energy, is in your blood. And the insulin test measures how much insulin, the hormone that enables glucose to enter cells and be turned into energy, is in your blood.
At 94 your fasting glucose is somewhat higher than normal (about 85mg/dl) but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis. But your insulin level of 48mg/dl is way higher than it should be. A healthy young non-insulin resistant adult would have an insulin level of about 10. So your pancreas is pumping out 5 times as much insulin as it should have to, in order to keep your blood glucose in the normal range. Which means that you are insulin resistant.
Because insulin is the fat storage hormone, the higher your levels of it, the more easily you put on weight. And the harder it is to get rid of it. Metformin helps reduce insulin resistance. But losing weight and limiting carbohydrate in your diet will have a much greater effect. Reducing insulin resistance will also stop your blood glucose from rising and making you a full blown diabetic.