Thought I'd also put this one up. I haven't heard of PLF before but maybe this information may help someone who was misdiagnosed with Meniere's (which seems to happen a lot) but in fact has PLF.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2001 May;110(5 Pt 1):430-6
| Perilymphatic fistula and Meniere's disease. Clinical series and literature review |
There continues to be considerable confusion concerning the diagnosis and treatment of perilymphatic fistulas (PLFs) and Meniere's disease. This paper reports an 8-year experience with patients whose symptoms were compatible with Meniere's disease but who had some other element that raised the possibility of their having a PLF. This review is a retrospective report on 64 patients who had fluctuating hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus, and aural fullness typical of Meniere's disease. However, they also had a positive fistula test and/or symptoms beginning immediately after head trauma. They all underwent at least a unilateral PLF repair, and some also underwent an endolymphatic sac-mastoid shunt operation. This report provides a literature review to help put this series' results into perspective. Of those 40 patients who underwent an initial PLF repair, 58% had a successful outcome. Of the 10 patients who underwent an initial PLF repair plus an endolymphatic sac-mastoid shunt, 70% had a successful outcome. Since it is often difficult to distinguish patients with PLFs and secondary endolymphatic hydrops (Meniere's syndrome) from patients with Meniere's disease (idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops), PLF repair is a reasonable first operation, reserving an endolymphatic sac-mastoid shunt operation as a secondary procedure if needed. The decision to consider a PLF repair is guided by a positive fistula test or an immediate onset of Meniere's disease symptom complex after head or ear trauma.