Hi taiga: Does your mother have both osteoporosis and osteopenia? If so, osteoporosis is considered substantial bone loss and is categorized as a bone disease, and osteopenia is normal bone loss due to age, but it's not considered a disease
. Below is a link to the Univ of WA bone physiology course that is very comprehensive on all aspects of osteoporosis and osteopenia. You can find out about both conditions there, what steps should be taken to treat both, which medications are available, and how to read dxa scans.
The link takes you to the explanation of t-scores, but after you read the page you can scroll to the bottom and go to their home page
which will give you many links to answers about these two conditions.
Is you mother doing okay with the fosamax? No problems with her stomach?
If you've had a hysterectomy, you need to take preventative measures so you don't get osteoporosis as well. Early meno is one of the main contributors to bone loss, but exercise, if your able, bone vitamins, and weight bearing routines will help to prevent this bone loss which is normal for most as they age.
Good luck... If you have any more questions don't hesitate to ask. The link is very
long but I strongly recommend reading the whole course, it's filled with important info. Most of your questions can be answered at this site. Normal
t-score is anything better than -1.0 Osteopenia
is any score between -1.0 and -2.5 Osteoporosis
is any score less than -2.5 Severe or Established Osteoporosis
is a t-score of -2.5
plus the presence of a fragility fracture
I'm not familiar with avonex, is it a ms med? I hope you are doing okay with this, but unfortunately this board doesn't cover ms. If you check some of the other boards I'm sure you'll find one on it specifically by clicking "health issues" link at the top of the page.