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  • Symptoms of Hypertension... ?

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    Old 01-29-2007, 11:37 AM   #1
    farooqjeewani
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    Question Symptoms of Hypertension... ?

    Hi all,
    Can anyone explain me the symptoms of hypertenstion ?????

    What are the tests that a patient needs to go for ????
    Is it curable ????

    Please advise.
    Regards
    Farooq.

     
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    Old 01-29-2007, 02:47 PM   #2
    tfkeel
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    Re: Symptoms of Hypertension... ?

    Hypertension is called "the silent killer" because it has no symptoms. Only at the extreme end of the scale. When blood pressure is very high it can cause headaches and chest pain. But for most people who have only moderately-high pressure, there is no symptom, no sensations.

    The tests are quite simple. It involves only a non-invasive cuff placed around the arm or leg, and the use of a stethoscope, or just the fingers to feel a pulse. The cuff is inflated to "squeeze" the arm or leg until arterial sounds are no longer heard at either the high value or low value. These two values are recorded as the blood pressure. One does not even need to "go" for any tests at all. Almost every major drug store chain in America sells a simple sphygmomanometer and stethoscope combination as a complete kit for less than 20 bucks. There are instructions included to take one's own blood pressure in the kit.

    It would, of course, be well to seek the advice of a doctor if one finds his blood pressure to indeed be high.

    Values greater than 140/90 millimeters of mercury are called "high". If a patients average values have shown higher than these figures on a few readings, over time, the doctor will likely wish to propose some method of therapy. These therapies will involve diet, exercise, weight-loss (if appropriate), and possibly medication designed to reduce the blood pressure.

    Hypertension may be curable if a single cause can be isolated. It can be, in less than 10% of cases, due to conditions such as stenosis of renal arteries, a tumor in the adrenal glands, or blockages in other major blood vessels such as the carotid arteries which carry blood to the brain. This condition is called
    "secondary" hypertension.

    The 90% share of cases of hypertension are called "essential" or "primary" hypertension. In these cases, no one single cause can be defined. Among the contributors to this form of hypertension is atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, in which small blood vessels far too numerous (and small) to clear have been "hardened" by plaque over years. The resulting loss in elasticity of the vessels causes the blood system pressure to rise.


    In these 90% of cases, the medical practitioner is relegated to treating the "symptom" alone, and the patient is usually committed to lifelong therapy to control the blood pressure.

    It is quite worthwhile to control the blood pressure. Hypertension puts one at an increased risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and other unfortunate outcomes which are sometimes the terminal cause of death.

    Controlling the blood pressure puts years in the life and life in the years.

    Last edited by tfkeel; 01-29-2007 at 03:00 PM.

     
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