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Schizophrenia board


Sure, CuriousLearner, I'd be happy to! Okay, if you recall, I mentioned mania on the post I wrote you about SAD. Mania is a mood state where the person feels euphoric, and possibly, irritable. It is the so-called "high" of bipolar disorder, where depression is the "low." There are two types of bipolar disorder: bipolar I and bipolar II. The difference is in their severity. Bipolar I is much more severe, and the person experiences "full-blown" mania. (More on that later.) In bipolar II, however, the person still has severe depressions like in bipolar I, but they only have hypomania. In both cases, a manic episode starts out as hypomania, a state where the person feels elated, on top-of-the-world, and that they can accomplish anything they want to. They feel energized and may begin to start a myriad of projects, including lucrative money-making schemes. The person talks quicker and more animatedly, and their mind is much sharper. They begin to sleep less, fueling the midnight hours with their many projects. They come off as witty and the life of the party because another symptom is hypersexuality, and the manic person is certainly more charming. But somewhere along the line in bipolar I, hypomania becomes true mania. Their speech may become so fast that their sentences are incomprehensible. This is also due to rapid changing of topics in speech, an attempt for their mouth to keep up with the racing thoughts in their mind. They go from sleeping 4 or 5 hours a day to not sleeping for three days straight. Elaborate shopping sprees will take place and the manic person can blow their whole life savings on a piece of art that they think is the answer to all of the world's problems. By this point, their thinking is completely misconstrued, and this is where the psychotic features come in. A manic person's hallucinations are pretty much the same as those seen in schizophrenics: hearing voices, feeling things crawling on them, etc. However, in mania, the person's delusions are almost always of a grandiose nature, whereas in schizophrenia, the most common type is paranoid delusions ("Somebody's out to get me," "People can read my thoughts," etc.). Examples of common grandiose delusions are: "I can fly," "Brad Pitt's in love with me, and we're getting married this June," and "I'm the person who invented the cure for polio." As you can see, these are an inflation of the person's abilities. The final stage of mania is an increasing amount of irritability, which can turn into physical violence. Many manic people get very upset when people interrupt their ramblings at a mile a minute because they feel that they're the most important person that ever lived, and how dare someone interrupt them! Eventually, they can become abusive, and this is the point where they are usually hospitalized and given an anti-psychotic drug such as Haldol or thorazine to bring them back to a euthymic (normal) mood. Sorry this was so long, but I hope it helps! If you have any more inqueries, let me know!
-GatsbyLuvr1920-